The Czech Republic already imposed a state of emergency. Today, new restrictions come into place, closing all schools, bars, restaurants and clubs. And the Netherlands is also returning to partial lockdown, closing restaurants, hotels and cafes for two weeks.

Those are just some of the latest curbs. Other measures are already in place in several European countries. Spain has a state of emergency in the Madrid region to enforce a partial lockdown, affecting four and a half million people.

Masks are now mandatory in all public places. Fance has placed Paris, Marseille and seven other large cities under maximum virus alert - closing bars, gyms and swimming pools, and banning public parties.

Cases are also rising rapidly in Germany. Since Friday, new nightlife restrictions are in effect in the capital Berlin. Bars must close at 11 pm, further hitting Berlin's famously liberal nightlife economy.

Chancellor Angela Merkel will meet leaders of Germany’s federal states to try to solve the confusion around 16 different sets of rules.