In a brief statement issued via Twitter after a series of ministerial changes were announced by Number 10, the PM said the government would "work tirelessly to unite and level up the whole country".

The first casualty of the reshuffle on Wednesday was now-former Education Secretary Gavin Williamson. He had quite a rough ride and had been heavily criticised for his handling of returning students to school and university during the pandemic. His competence had been frequently questioned. He tweeted that it had been a “privilege to serve.”

Following Williamson was Robert Buckland, who was sacked as justice secretary. Buckland tweeted: “It has been an honour to serve in government for the last 7 years, and as the Lord Chancellor for the last two.”

Dominic Raab, who was heavily criticised for being on holiday at the time Kabul fell to the Taliban, has been demoted from his top role as foreign secretary. Raab, who studied law at Oxford, has been confirmed as justice secretary, lord chancellor, and deputy prime minister. Former international trade secretary Liz Truss replaces Raab as foreign secretary.

There had been speculation for weeks as to whether Johnson would reshuffle his cabinet after tough month for the British government, with calls for Williamson and Raab to resign from their roles, to varying degrees.